Poor health, disability and dependency do not have to be inevitable consequences of aging. The promotion of a healthy lifestyle, the avoid of sedentariness, and physical exercise have proven to be more effective for frail, older adults, enhance their independency, and incur fewer health-related costs.
Physical inactivity often associated aging is one of the key factors contributing to the onset of sarcopenia, central aspect related to fragility. Multicomponent exercise programs, and particularly including strength training, are the most effective interventions to delay disability and other adverse events.
A multicomponent exercise intervention program that consists of strength, resistance, endurance and balance training appears to be the best strategy for improving gait, balance and strength, as well as reducing the rate of falls in frail elderly individuals and consequently maintaining their functional capacity during aging.